LAND REFORMS IN ZIMBABWE – SUCCESS OR FAILURE

download2Land reforms in Zimbabwe where white minority rule and landownership by white farmers, were synonymous ended in 1980, with the signing of the Lancaster House Agreement, on December 21st 1979.download ARQ 2016 movie now

Though there was a disproportionate distribution of land between the minority whites and majority blacks the economy was an integration of both communities prior to1980, where the white dominated commercial sector accounted for more that 30% of the total workforce whilst they also controlled 40% of all exports.

Agricultural commercial exports were mainly high yield hybrid maize, cotton, coffee, tobacco and sugarcane which were grown in large farms by landowning white farmers.

The Lancaster House Agreement involved the British government to finance half of the cost of land transfer, subject to mutual agreement between whites and blacks.

In the late 1990’s the Tony Blair government reneged on the agreement due to lack of funds and it resulted in all hell breaking loose in Zimbabwe with Robert Mugabe resorting to forcible eviction of whites and distributing their lands among the blacks, who knew nothing much about land management.

This naturally created a domino effect which Zimbabwe has still to recover from, with the total land reform now in shambles, just like the economy.

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