Relief for suspended chief magistrate

Source: Relief for suspended chief magistrate | The Herald March 21, 2019 Mr Guvamombe Tendai Rupapa Senior Reporter Suspended chief magistrate Mishrod Guvamombe heaved a sigh of relief yesterday after the travel restriction initially imposed on him as part of his bail conditions was lifted by the court. He also successfully applied to have his […]

The post Relief for suspended chief magistrate appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: Relief for suspended chief magistrate | The Herald March 21, 2019

Relief for suspended chief magistrate
Mr Guvamombe

Tendai Rupapa Senior Reporter
Suspended chief magistrate Mishrod Guvamombe heaved a sigh of relief yesterday after the travel restriction initially imposed on him as part of his bail conditions was lifted by the court.

He also successfully applied to have his reporting conditions reduced from four times a week to once a week.

When he initially appeared in court, Guvamombe, who is facing criminal abuse of office charges, was ordered to report four times a week to the police and not to travel 50 kilometres outside Harare.

In his application for variation of bail conditions yesterday, Guvamombe, through his lawyer Mr Jonathan Samukange, told the court that because of the travel restriction, he failed to attend the funerals of his two relatives in his rural home in Guruve.

He also demonstrated to the court that he was not a flight risk, indicating that when he was given his passport back recently, he did not flee.

Representing the State, Mr Zivanai Macharaga consented to Guvamombe’s application, saying the defence managed to convince the prosecution by submitting tangible reasons.

“It has been brought to my attention that the accused person’s farm is in Bindura and also that his rural home is outside the 50km radius,” he said.

“He has lost two family members already in his rural home and has not been able to attend (the funerals).

“The prosecution also put into consideration the fact that he was recently given his passport to allow him to travel abroad and he complied with the conditions and returned the passport.”

In her ruling, regional magistrate Ms Lucy Mungwari said submissions by Guvamombe and other compelling reasons given by the State were based on solid facts.

She then granted the order sought and ordered Guvamombe to report once a week to the police on Mondays.

Guvamombe was then remanded to April 9 for trial.

On Monday, Guvamombe notified the court that on the next court date he was going to make an application for referral of the case to the High Court for trial.

He said as the Chief magistrate of Zimbabwe, it was unthinkable that he should be tried by any of his juniors.

Charges against Guvamombe arose on November 27 last year when he received correspondence from the University of Zimbabwe (UZ) seeking internship places for law students.

On the list were Saviour Kasukuwere and Supa Mandiwanzira.

Guvamombe allegedly authorised the attachment of the two at the Harare magistrates court where they are appearing on various charges of abuse of office.

The attachment meant that they would interact with their own dockets during their work.

The post Relief for suspended chief magistrate appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

More assistance coming: President

Source: More assistance coming: President | Newsday (News) BY Everson Mushava/Tapiwa Zivira President Emmerson Mnangagwa yesterday said he was inundated by messages from various friendly countries offering assistance to Cyclone Idai-ravaged areas where nearly 100 confirmed deaths have been recorded, while hundreds more are feared dead. Mnangagwa told victims of cyclone Idai at Kopa in […]

The post More assistance coming: President appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: More assistance coming: President | Newsday (News)

BY Everson Mushava/Tapiwa Zivira

President Emmerson Mnangagwa yesterday said he was inundated by messages from various friendly countries offering assistance to Cyclone Idai-ravaged areas where nearly 100 confirmed deaths have been recorded, while hundreds more are feared dead.

Mnangagwa told victims of cyclone Idai at Kopa in Chipinge yesterday that millions of dollars’ worth of humanitarian assistance was coming their way from friendly countries.

“We had gone out of the country building relations with other States. That is what we do as government, to build relations with other States. This happened when we were in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where I was invited by Prince Mohammed. I heard that death had befallen you and as a leader, I should come back to be with you so that even you will realise that you have a government,” Mnangagwa said.

“There are friendly countries where I had gone. They are sending planeloads of relief supplies.”

The UAE provided $4,9m in emergency aid, while other countries like Botswana, South Africa, Namibia and Tanzania have also chipped in with humanitarian assistance.

Mnangagwa promised government will rebuild damaged infrastructure, including roads.

He said if roads were still in good shape, heavy trucks could be ferrying food to the people, but government was resorting to the use of helicopters.

“We came here to see how we can solve your problems. It’s tough to know that today you can no longer see the people you were with. Where are they? We haven’t seen their bodies. I am told some have not been found. It would have been better if you saw their bodies and buried them,” Mnangagwa said.

Earlier, Mnangagwa visited Chimanimani, the epicentre of the cyclone where he also promised that people would not die of hunger.

“Many of our people have died. When we are faced with a tragedy like this, we wish that we all come together and unite and support each other as one family,” he said.

The post More assistance coming: President appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe.

The post More assistance coming: President appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Cyclone sweeps away entire growth point

Source: Cyclone sweeps away entire growth point | Newsday (News) BY Everson Mushava/Tapiwa Zivira Three women spent nearly 24 hours hanging onto a tree naked before they were eventually rescued after Cyclone Idai-induced floods swept away 80 houses at Dzingire Growth Point, popularly known as Kopa in Chipinge. The houses were washed away when three […]

The post Cyclone sweeps away entire growth point appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: Cyclone sweeps away entire growth point | Newsday (News)

BY Everson Mushava/Tapiwa Zivira

Three women spent nearly 24 hours hanging onto a tree naked before they were eventually rescued after Cyclone Idai-induced floods swept away 80 houses at Dzingire Growth Point, popularly known as Kopa in Chipinge.

The houses were washed away when three rivers, Rusitu, Nyahode and Chipita flooded, confluenced and changed course, washing away all the houses and a police station situated between the rivers.

Several of the houses where owned by agricultural extension workers. Kopa possibly experienced most of the devastation.

One of the three women, Majiva Magweva (32), lost her two children to the floods as well as her mother. She also lost a niece and is now the only survivor in a family of three.

In a heart-rending account, Magweva said she hung onto her two-year-old child while she was being swept way by the floods, but was hit by debris and lost grip of the baby in the process.

“It was around 9pm on Friday when water started entering our house. I took my two-year-old child and went outside to look for a secure place,” Magweva said.

“I walked a few steps and was knocked down. I tried hard to keep a tight grip on my child, but was hit by a rock on the chest and forced to let off the child.”

She added: “I was thrown onto the river bank and I realised I was marooned and more water was coming. That time, I saw another woman. We rushed and helped each other up a tree, pushing and pulling each other. One more woman came and in no time, we were up three branches. We were all naked; we had been stripped naked by the floods.”

The women were forced to brave the rains for the whole night and tried to look for help after day break, which did not come until around 3pm.

“Around 3pm on Saturday, rescue came, but in a very difficult way. A group of men with three ropes, which did not reach us. One of them volunteered to have a rope tied around his waist and dived into the water while the other men held the rope to ensure that he does not drown. He arrived at the tree and went up, tied the rope on the branch to allow us to hold on it before they dragged him out using the same rope.

“When we were up the tree, we prayed the whole night for rescue. We wanted to join others, we didn’t know they had all been washed away. My two kids, my sister’s child and my mother are gone. I don’t know where they are,” she said, tears racing down her frail cheeks.

After the rescue, that is when Magweva realised hundreds of people had been washed away by the floods. What used to be their residential suburb is now littered with huge rocks, leaving no sign that it was a residential place.

“I am sure our relatives are trapped under these stones. Just there (pointing to a place littered by the rocks) was were our house was.”

Harryman Kazembe, a teacher, said his wife and daughter were woken by the sounds of the flood water at around 10pm and they attempted to move out of the area to higher ground.

“I briefly got stuck in the mud and my wife and children continued to go up. But suddenly, a wave of floods came and swept my wife and my five-year-old daughter away right in front of me. I was briefly swept away too and I had to hold onto a tree, where I was marooned for nearly 24 hours when local rescuers came with ropes and pulled me and others who had hung onto trees, to safety,” Kazembe said.

“One of my daughters, who survived, sustained burns on the neck after she got into contact with (live) electricity cables as she had taken refuge on poles that were carrying a transformer.”

As professional and State rescue took long to come, locals ended up taking matters into their hands because they could not continue to watch their fellow residents stuck up on trees as the water levels took long to subside.

It took five days for the first police and army trucks to reach Kopa and by that time, some who could have been rescued, had been swept away downstream.

The post Cyclone sweeps away entire growth point appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe.

The post Cyclone sweeps away entire growth point appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Massive treatment programme for Cyclone Idai victims 

Source: Massive treatment programme for Cyclone Idai victims | The Herald March 21, 2019 Dr Moyo Rumbidzayi Zinyuke Manicaland Bureau Government has launched a massive treatment programme for the victims of Cyclone Idai, with adequate medical supplies and medical personnel now in place to cater for the thousands affected mainly in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts […]

The post Massive treatment programme for Cyclone Idai victims  appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: Massive treatment programme for Cyclone Idai victims | The Herald March 21, 2019

Massive treatment programme for Cyclone Idai victims
Dr Moyo

Rumbidzayi Zinyuke Manicaland Bureau
Government has launched a massive treatment programme for the victims of Cyclone Idai, with adequate medical supplies and medical personnel now in place to cater for the thousands affected mainly in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts of Manicaland.

Speaking at NatPharm warehouses in Mutare yesterday, Health and Child Care Minister Dr Obadiah Moyo said medical personal was already on the ground for the programme.

He said the medication that had been donated from Tanzania and the United Arab Emirates and other agencies had already been delivered and the Ministry was working tirelessly to ensure that it reached the disaster areas.

“We are happy that we have adequate stocks of medicines,” he said. “This is as a result of the top up which we have got from well-wishers and at the same time the contributions which have come from arrangements made by President Mnangagwa and his counterparts.

“We have received a consignment of medicines from Tanzania, as well as another from UAE. We are grateful for the efforts which His Excellency has put towards the people who were affected by Cyclone Idai.”

Minister Moyo said the Ministry had personnel on the ground to ensure that the injured were attended to immediately.

He said they were also prepared and ready to combat any communicable diseases that might arise in the affected areas.

“Kits have been prepared and ferried to affected areas,” said Minister Moyo. “We are happy that we have three helicopters that are transporting the medicines from Mutare to the affected areas.

“We have cholera kits from WHO, IV fluids, antibiotics, antiretroviral tablets, TB medication, diabetes, and hypertension medication. We also have some oral cholera vaccines left from the exercise we carried out, so if the need arises, we will administer the vaccine. We also have family planning and delivery kits for expecting mothers in place.”

Minister Moyo said UNICEF had also come in through the Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) programme to help provide clean drinking water to the communities.

President Mnangagwa, Vice President Chiwenga and Cabinet ministers visit the injured at Chimanimani Rural Hospital. — Picture by Anthony Zinyange

Manicaland provincial medical director Dr Patron Mafaune said the province received additional nurses and specialist doctors from other provinces to help beef up their personnel to deal with the disaster.

She said Mashonaland East was planning to send 25 nurses, while Mashonaland Central had sent eight nursing staff and others would be coming from the Zimbabwe Nurses Association (ZINA).

Dr Mafaune said seven additional doctors were already on the ground, while the Zimbabwe Medical Association Harare chapter had also provided specialist doctors.

“We are working with multiple injuries, so they will require specialist attention, which is beyond the package of services that our district hospitals can offer,” she said. “Currently, we have received a team of eight specialists that were sent from Zimbabwe Medical Association Harare that comprised of surgeons and anaesthetists which arrived on Tuesday.

“They managed to do an assessment at Mutare Provincial Hospital this morning (yesterday) and they left for Chipinge to do an assessment at Birchenough Bridge Hospital before they then join our team which is based at Skyline, which is our temporary holding point where patients who have been evacuated are being taken.”

Dr Mafaune said since evacuation started, Chipinge District Hospital had 30 patients from the areas affected by Cyclone Idai and six patients were airlifted and sent to Mutambara Mission Hospital and another two were at Mutare Provincial Hospital.

“Unfortunately, the patients at Mutambara will require specialist attention which is not available there, and because of the effects of the cyclone, the mission hospital has been cut off since the major bridge, Umvumvumvu, which connects to the institution was destroyed,” she said.

Dr Mafaune said there were frantic efforts to send more medication to Mutambara and airlift the six patients there to Mutare.

“With the expertise that is there in the province, we have noted that at the moment we do not have patients that we need to be ferrying further, but we are still waiting for assessments for the patients that are at Chipinge hospital,” she said.

“The specialists that have gone there will indicate whether we need to move any patients from Chipinge to Mutare hospital or even further to Harare Central Hospital or Parirenyatwa Hospital.”

The post Massive treatment programme for Cyclone Idai victims  appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

ZHRC to probe bottlenecks on accessing IDs

Source: ZHRC to probe bottlenecks on accessing IDs – NewsDay Zimbabwe March 21, 2019 By Farai Matiashe The Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC) yesterday launched a national inquiry into challenges being experienced in accessing identity documents. The hearings will be conducted in all the 10 provinces, from the first week of May, in a move […]

The post ZHRC to probe bottlenecks on accessing IDs appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: ZHRC to probe bottlenecks on accessing IDs – NewsDay Zimbabwe March 21, 2019

By Farai Matiashe

The Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC) yesterday launched a national inquiry into challenges being experienced in accessing identity documents.

The hearings will be conducted in all the 10 provinces, from the first week of May, in a move that could bring relief to many people who have been struggling to get documents such as passports, national identity cards, birth and death certificates in the past.

Speaking at the launch in Harare yesterday, ZHRC chairperson Elasto Mugwadi said it was his commission’s mandate to ensure that citizens enjoyed basic human rights, including the right to have national documents, as enshrined in the Constitution.

“In its work, since operationalisation in June 2014, the ZHRC has determined that problems associated with access to national documentation are some of the major human rights challenges confronting the country,” he said.

Mugwadi said based on stakeholder engagement meetings, community outreaches, complaints from the public, including monitoring and assessment missions undertaken by the commission four years ago, it became apparent that problems of accessing documents had affected and continued to affect a significant number of Zpo0iimbabweans, who feel short on full enjoyment of their rights as guaranteed in the Constitution.

Mugwadi has invited written and oral submissions from stakeholders and the public not later than July 31 this year.

The commission would also accept expert reports, videos, audios and other forms of evidence regarding access to documentation in its jurisdiction and beyond.

Mugwadi said ZHRC wanted to establish the root causes of the challenges in accessing documents.

“(The commission will) enquire into and determine the root causes and factors which prevent ease access to identity documents and to assess the impact of documentation by individuals and groups on the enjoyment of human rights, guaranteed under the Constitution, national laws and relevant international and regional treaties and instruments,” he said.

Mugwadi said his commission was going to review the effectiveness of the existing laws, intuitions, policies and procedures and also analyse attitudes and beliefs relating to accessing identity documents in Zimbabwe and report, recommend and follow up on steps to be taken to address those challenges.

The post ZHRC to probe bottlenecks on accessing IDs appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

This is what Jesus told me: Gogo who couldn’t afford bus fare walks 2 hours to donate to Idai victims

People in Zimbabwe’s capital Harare have been donating food, clothes and other household essentials to victims of Cyclone Idai at the Presbyterian church. One of the volunteers at the church, Natalie Detering, told the BBC she was taken aback as a woma…

People in Zimbabwe's capital Harare have been donating food, clothes and other household essentials to victims of Cyclone Idai at the Presbyterian church. One of the volunteers at the church, Natalie Detering, told the BBC she was taken aback as a woman turned up just before 07:00 local time, having walked for roughly two hours […]

UN avails US$20m humanitarian assistance

Source: UN avails US$20m humanitarian assistance – NewsDay Zimbabwe March 21, 2019 Rutendo Matanhike United Nations humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock yesterday allocated US$20 million from the United Nations’ Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to ramp up the humanitarian response to tropical Cyclone Idai in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi. In a statement, the UN said the […]

The post UN avails US$20m humanitarian assistance appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: UN avails US$20m humanitarian assistance – NewsDay Zimbabwe March 21, 2019

Rutendo Matanhike

United Nations humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock yesterday allocated US$20 million from the United Nations’ Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to ramp up the humanitarian response to tropical Cyclone Idai in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi.

In a statement, the UN said the bulk of the funding will kick-start the response in worst-hit parts of Mozambique.

In Zimbabwe, the storm caused havoc in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts, leading to flash flooding, deaths and the destruction of livelihoods and properties.

“The CERF funds will complement the three governments’ immediate efforts to provide life-saving and life-sustaining assistance to affected communities, including in health, food security, protection, nutrition and education,” Lowcock said.

“Vulnerable groups such as children, women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, people with disabilities and those affected by chronic illnesses will be prioritised.”

He said allocation will also help humanitarian organisations to rapidly support critical logistics and emergency telecommunications and scale up water and emergency health services to reduce the risk of vector and waterborne diseases.

Meanwhile, more companies and organisations in Zimbabwe continue to chip in with donations towards humanitarian relief efforts.

Stanbic Bank purchased an assortment of goods worth ZWR$200 000, while an additional ZWR$50 000 was set aside for needs that may arise in the unfolding humanitarian crisis.

Speaking during the handover of the goods in Harare yesterday, Stanbic spokesperson Palmer Magavha said the goods included 39 tents, five by 2,5 KVA generators, 700 blankets, 2 000 cases of bottled water, 2 000 packs of reusable sanitary pads and 500 black plastic sheets.

University of Zimbabwe staff members are also carrying out a resource mobilisation initiative through the Zimbabwe Red Cross to contribute to mitigation and recovery efforts.

They have established the UZ Idai Resource Mobilisation Initiative (UZIRMI) to facilitate collection of donations in kind from all those who were seeking a channel for giving goods and services to the victims.

UZIRMI has established a collection point at Women’s Law Centre for donations in kind for the convenience of the public and this was being coordinated by Julie Stewart.

“The initiative is also mobilising for donation of specialist skills (like medical personnel, community workers, social workers, planners, required in disaster mitigation and recovery,” organisers said in a statement.

The Zimbabwe National Water Authority deployed 46 tanks and two water bowsers to help provide potable water to areas affected by Cyclone Idai in Manicaland.

“The deployment of these tanks is part of the interventions by the authority to ensure that affected communities get safe potable water until normalcy returns,” Zinwa spokesperson Marjorie Munyonga said.

Makeshift water treatment plants and water supply systems were also being put in place at the centres where affected people are currently gathered and at some of the areas whose water supply systems were affected by flooding, Munyonga said.

The post UN avails US$20m humanitarian assistance appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ 

Source: ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ – NewsDay Zimbabwe March 21, 2019 BY KENNETH NYANGANI VILLAGERS in Cyclone Idai-ravaged Chimanimani district continue to count their losses after it emerged that all the equipment at Mhandarume Mushowani Irrigation Scheme, their major source of livelihood, had been swept away by floods. A Chakohwa villager in […]

The post ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’  appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ – NewsDay Zimbabwe March 21, 2019

BY KENNETH NYANGANI

VILLAGERS in Cyclone Idai-ravaged Chimanimani district continue to count their losses after it emerged that all the equipment at Mhandarume Mushowani Irrigation Scheme, their major source of livelihood, had been swept away by floods.

A Chakohwa villager in Chimanimani West said Mhandarume Irrigation Scheme was now history after it was swept away.

“All the water pipes are gone. We no longer have water supplies in Chakohwa. We are appealing to the government to assist as soon as possible because we will die because of poverty,” the villager, who requested anonymity said.

Local Government minister July Moyo told journalists in Mutare this week that government was still assessing the cost of reconstructing damaged infrastructure, which includes bridges and roads.

Agriculture minister Perrance Shiri also said damaged infrastructure resembles an aftermath of a full-scale war.

“There was a lot of destruction on the facilities. The situation resembles an aftermath of a full-scale war, whereby bridges have been (washed) away and the infrastructure has been destroyed to the extent we did not expect,” he said.

Another Chakohwa villager, Constance Makandeni, said she rescued 99-year-old headman, James Marigoni in Chimanimani West constituency after his house collapsed on him.

In an interview with NewsDay this week, Makandeni said headman Marigoni and his wife, also of advanced age, survived the tropical storm by a whisker after their house collapsed.

“It was on a Friday night (last week). I realised that the violent wind and rain was not normal and my asbestos sheets had been ripped off. When I went outside, I realised that my neighbour’s house had collapsed,” she said

“It was the house of our headman. He was trapped inside and I had to pull him out.”

Another villager in Mhandarume, Daiton Patsika is also counting his loses after his thriving beehives along Mvumvumvu River were also swept away. Patsika also said a lot of livestock was also swept away by the ravaging storm.

“The beehive business was our source of livelihood and I don’t know how we are going to survive,” he said.

“My friends and neighbours survived, but they lost their livestock, mainly cattle and goats. I saw many cattle and goats being swept away by floods.”

The post ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’  appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Tropical cyclone Idai: the storm that knew no boundaries 

Source: Tropical cyclone Idai: the storm that knew no boundaries – The Citizen People leaving their homes in the flooded section of Praia Nova, Beira, Mozambique in the wake of tropical cyclone Idai. Denis Onyodi/ IFRC handout The recent storms provide a grim reminder of the prospect of future tropical cyclones in a region under […]

The post Tropical cyclone Idai: the storm that knew no boundaries  appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: Tropical cyclone Idai: the storm that knew no boundaries – The Citizen

People leaving their homes in the flooded section of Praia Nova, Beira, Mozambique in the wake of tropical cyclone Idai. Denis Onyodi/ IFRC handout

People leaving their homes in the flooded section of Praia Nova, Beira, Mozambique in the wake of tropical cyclone Idai. Denis Onyodi/ IFRC handout

The recent storms provide a grim reminder of the prospect of future tropical cyclones in a region under continued threat from climate change.

Tropical cyclone Idai has made headlines across southern Africa throughout the month of March. Lingering in the Mozambique Channel at tropical cyclone intensity for six days, the storm made landfall in Beira, Mozambique, in the middle of the month, then tracked in a westerly direction until its dissipation.

The greatest impact of the storm was experienced on landfall. It caused flooding, excessive wind-speed and storm surge damage in the central region of Mozambique. Adjacent countries of Malawi and Zimbabwe experienced severe rainfall, flooding and damage from the high wind speed. Madagascar also experienced bouts of high rainfall during the storm’s pathway to Beira.

The flooding has left hundreds of thousands of people homeless and displaced across the region while the death toll has continued to rise in the week following landfall. The effects of the cyclone were felt as far south as South Africa and introduced rolling blackouts due to damaged transmission lines that supply the country with 1,100MW of power from Cahora Bassa in northern Mozambique.

Historically, nine storms that had reached tropical cyclone intensity made landfall in Mozambique. A larger number of weaker tropical systems, including tropical storms and depressions affect the region, with a total landfall of all tropical systems of 1.1 per annum.

The most severe tropical cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique was tropical cyclone Eline in February 2000. It had a category 4 intensity on landfall and resulted in 150 deaths, 1,000 casualties from flooding, 300,000 people displaced and four ships sunk.

The storms off Africa’s east coast are weaker than their northern hemisphere counterparts. Category 4 and 5 tropical cyclones make landfall at a near-annual rate in the North Atlantic and North Pacific.

Why the wide impact

Why have so many countries been affected?

Tropical cyclones are large storm systems. Immediately surrounding the eye of the storm – a region of calm weather, no wind and no rain – are spirals of storm clouds that span a minimum radius of ~100km. These cloud bands represent the thunderstorm conditions, with the rain and winds typical of a tropical cyclone.

A ~100km radius is typical of category 1 tropical cyclones, the lowest intensity ones. As the storms intensify to categories 2, 3, 4 and 5, the size increases significantly. This means that a high-intensity storm, such as tropical cyclone Idai, has a range of impact significantly larger than the storm track that it follows.

In recent years concerns have been growing about the impact of climate change on cyclones. Research has shown that changes to the world’s temperature, as well as ocean warming, are responsible for an increase in the severity of tropical cyclones. This has recently been researchedfor the South Indian Ocean. As the ocean is warming, the region which experiences temperatures conducive to tropical cyclone formation is expanding and temperatures in the tropical regions are becoming warm enough for cyclone intensification. Category 5 tropical cyclones, which have been experienced in the North Atlantic for almost a century, started to occur in the South Indian Ocean since 1994, and have occurred increasingly frequently since then.

This means that as climate change continues and intensifies, so too do these storms. This will mean a greater frequency of not only severe damage from storms, but damage over a larger region. In addition to the impact of warming on the storm intensity, climate warming has also been found to increase the expanse of the storms within any given intensity.

Cyclone Idai

So how intense was tropical cyclone Idai?

Storm track records, which include the geographic location of the storm at set time intervals, the wind speed and the atmospheric pressure, are documented by a number of regional climatological organisations. This data is synthesised by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association, providing a useful resource for scientists to explore storm behaviour.

Tropical cyclones are classified on the basis of their wind speed and central pressure. The weakest storms to be classified as tropical cyclones – category 1 – have a minimum sustained wind speed of 119km/hr. At category 3 the storms have a minimum wind speed of 178 km/h. As the category increases, so too does the potential for damage. Category 1 storms are classified as resulting in dangerous winds that cause some damage, whereas category 3 storms are expected to cause devastating damage.

The history of tropical cyclone Idai is documented in these records. The cyclone reached category 3 intensity between 03:00-06:00 on the 11th March 2019, while positioned at its most easterly extent of the storm track. By 03:00 on the 12th March the storm had dissipated to category 2 intensity, and it fluctuated between intensities of categories 2 and 3 over the 36 hours that followed.

From noon on the 13th March the storm maintained a category 3 intensity which persisted until landfall on the 14th.

What needs to be done

Storms that affect many countries present particular challenges. They clearly have no regard for political boundaries. The fact that they affect lots of countries presents challenges in both preparing for storm events in a proactive way and responding to prevent loss of life and livelihood. This requires countries to communicate effectively with one another, to provide coherent messages about the forecasting of the storm track and potential damage, and to facilitate effective evacuations.

This storm provides a grim prospect of the future of tropical cyclones in a region under continued threat from climate change. Effective adaptation to minimise storm damage is essential in preparing the region for an increase in the severity of these storms. Disaster risk management plans are also very important to minimise the loss of life.The Conversation

The post Tropical cyclone Idai: the storm that knew no boundaries  appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’

Source: ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ | Newsday (News) BY KENNETH NYANGANI VILLAGERS in Cyclone Idai-ravaged Chimanimani district continue to count their losses after it emerged that all the equipment at Mhandarume Mushowani Irrigation Scheme, their major source of livelihood, had been swept away by floods. A Chakohwa villager in Chimanimani West said […]

The post ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.

Source: ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ | Newsday (News)

BY KENNETH NYANGANI

VILLAGERS in Cyclone Idai-ravaged Chimanimani district continue to count their losses after it emerged that all the equipment at Mhandarume Mushowani Irrigation Scheme, their major source of livelihood, had been swept away by floods.

A Chakohwa villager in Chimanimani West said Mhandarume Irrigation Scheme was now history after it was swept away.

“All the water pipes are gone. We no longer have water supplies in Chakohwa. We are appealing to the government to assist as soon as possible because we will die because of poverty,” the villager, who requested anonymity said.

Local Government minister July Moyo told journalists in Mutare this week that government was still assessing the cost of reconstructing damaged infrastructure, which includes bridges and roads.

Agriculture minister Perrance Shiri also said damaged infrastructure resembles an aftermath of a full-scale war.

“There was a lot of destruction on the facilities. The situation resembles an aftermath of a full-scale war, whereby bridges have been (washed) away and the infrastructure has been destroyed to the extent we did not expect,” he said.

Another Chakohwa villager, Constance Makandeni, said she rescued 99-year-old headman, James Marigoni in Chimanimani West constituency after his house collapsed on him.

In an interview with NewsDay this week, Makandeni said headman Marigoni and his wife, also of advanced age, survived the tropical storm by a whisker after their house collapsed.

“It was on a Friday night (last week). I realised that the violent wind and rain was not normal and my asbestos sheets had been ripped off. When I went outside, I realised that my neighbour’s house had collapsed,” she said

“It was the house of our headman. He was trapped inside and I had to pull him out.”

Another villager in Mhandarume, Daiton Patsika is also counting his loses after his thriving beehives along Mvumvumvu River were also swept away. Patsika also said a lot of livestock was also swept away by the ravaging storm.

“The beehive business was our source of livelihood and I don’t know how we are going to survive,” he said.

“My friends and neighbours survived, but they lost their livestock, mainly cattle and goats. I saw many cattle and goats being swept away by floods.”

The post ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ appeared first on NewsDay Zimbabwe.

The post ‘Chimanimani resembles an aftermath of a war’ appeared first on Zimbabwe Situation.